Issue No. 4: Black Maternal Health

Womanly Health Team Members and Writers consulted The following publications and resources

Andrews, M. (2015, July 17). How Much Does It Cost To Have A Baby? Hospital Study Finds Huge Price Range. Retrieved from Kaiser Health News website:

Bailey, B. A. (2010). Partner violence during pregnancy: prevalence, effects, screening, and management. International Journal of Women’s Health, 2, 183–197.

CDC. (2015, September 16). Gestational Diabetes and Pregnancy | CDC. Retrieved from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website:

CDC. (2018, January 23). Planning for Pregnancy | Preconception Care | CDC. Retrieved from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website:

CDC. (2018b, July 17). Alcohol Use in Pregnancy. Retrieved from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website:

CDC. (2019a, January 7). Folic Acid & Birth Defects. Retrieved from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website:

CDC. (2019b, April 3). What to Expect While Breastfeeding. Retrieved from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website:

CDC Releases 2018 Breastfeeding Report Card | CDC Online Newsroom | CDC. (2018, September 24). Retrieved from

Child care costs in the United States. (n.d.). Retrieved rom Economic Policy Institute website:

Coleman, P. A. (2016, November 10). Cloth Diapers vs. Disposable Diapers | Fatherly. Retrieved from Fatherly website:

Faqs - Break Time for Nursing Mothers - Wage and Hour Division (WHD) - U.S. Department of Labor. (n.d.). Retrieved from U.S. Department of Labor website:

Hamm, T. (2018, October 31). Cloth Diapering: A Real-World Analysis - The Simple Dollar. Retrieved from The Simple Dollar website:

Henderson, J. W. (1994). The Cost Effectiveness of Prenatal Care. Health Care Financing Review, 15(4), 21–32.

Meadows-Fernandez, R. (2018, October 8). Breakdown of the Cost of Breastfeeding. Retrieved from Healthline website:

Montanez, A. (2019, January 22). The Cost of Giving Birth in the U.S. - Scientific American Blog Network. Retrieved from Scientific American website:

Nast, C. (n.d.). Yes, Trans Women Can Breastfeed — Here’s How. Retrieved from them. website:

New York State Senate Passes Legislation to Improve Maternal Health Outcomes. (2017, May 31). Retrieved from Center for Reproductive Rights website:

Obesity and Pregnancy - ACOG. (n.d.). Retrieved from

Preeclampsia and High Blood Pressure During Pregnancy - ACOG. (n.d.). Retrieved from

Pregnancy and Prenatal Care | Gateway to Health Communication | CDC. (2018, December 8). Retrieved from

Pregnancy-Related Deaths | CDC. (2019, February 26). Retrieved from

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Preterm birth. (n.d.). Retrieved from

Preterm Birth | Maternal and Infant Health | Reproductive Health | CDC. (2019, February 19). Retrieved from

Roberts, D. E. (2017). Killing the Black Body: Race, Reproduction, and the Meaning of Liberty. New York, NY: Vintage Books.

Screening for Preeclampsia: Recommendation Statement. (2018). American Family Physician, 97(2). Retrieved from

Spencer, J. P. (2008). Management of Mastitis in Breastfeeding Women. American Family Physician, 78(6), 727–731.

The Protocols for Inducing Lactation and Maximizing Milk Production: The Accelerated Protocol . Canadian Breastfeeding Foundation . Fondation canadienne de l’allaitement. (n.d.). Retrieved from

The Surgeon General’s Call to Action to Support Breastfeeding | (n.d.). Retrieved from U.S. Department of Health & Human Services website:

Website. (2018, May 18). Frequently asked questions about preeclampsia and HELLP syndrome. Retrieved from Preeclampsia Foundation Official Site website:

What are some factors that make a pregnancy high risk? (n.d.). Retrieved from National Institute of Child Health and Human Development website:

What Are the Signs and Symptoms of a Miscarriage? (n.d.). Retrieved from

What is a high-risk pregnancy? (n.d.). Retrieved from website:

What Is a Miscarriage ? | Identifying the Causes. (n.d.). Retrieved from

Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) | Food and Nutrition Service. (n.d.). Retrieved April 25, 2019, from

Workman, S., & Jessen-Howard, S. (n.d.). Understanding the True Cost of Child Care for Infants and Toddlers. Retrieved from Center for American Progress website:

World Health Organization, Dept. of Reproductive Health and Research. (2011). WHO | Intimate partner violence during pregnancy. Retrieved from WHO website: